Tallapaka Annamacharya (additionally popularly often called Annamayya)(22 Might 1408 – 4 April 1503) was a fifteenth-century Hindu saint and the earliest recognized Indian musician to compose songs known as sankirtanas in reward of the Lord Venkateswara, a type of Vishnu.The musical type of the keertana songs that he composed, that are nonetheless fashionable amongst Carnatic music live performance artists, have strongly influenced the construction of Carnatic music compositions. Annamacharya is remembered for his saintly life, and is honoured as an awesome devotee of Vishnu by devotees and saintly singers.
He’s believed to have been the creator avatar of Nandaka, the sword of Vishnu. He’s extensively considered the Andhra Pada kavitā Pitāmaha (Grandfather of Telugu tune-writing).
Tallapaka Annamacharya was born on Vaishakha Shuddha Pournami within the yr Sarwadhari (22 Might 1408) in Tallapaka, Close to Rajampet Mandal, a village in current-day Kadapa district of Andhra Pradesh, India.Despite the fact that his mother and father belonged to the Nandavarika Brahmin group of Smarta custom, he took initiation into Vaishnavism and have become a Vaishnava within the Vedanta Desika Sampradaya. His spouse, Timmakka, had written Subhadra Kalyanam, and is taken into account the primary feminine poet in Telugu literature. Their son, Pedda Tirumalacharya, and grandson, Tallapaka Chinnayya, have been additionally composers and poets. The Tallapaka compositions are thought-about to have dominated and influenced the construction of Carnatic music compositions. Annamacharya lived for 95 years till Phalguna Bahula (Krishna) Dvadasi (twelfth day after full moon) within the yr Dhundhubhi (4 April 1503).
Annamayya is alleged to have composed as many as 32,000 sankeertanas (songs) on the reward of lord Venkateswara of which solely about 12,000 can be found in the present day. He’s additionally the creator of musical treatise known as “Sankirthana lakshanamu”.
Annamayya thought-about his compositions as floral choices to Venkateswara. Within the poems, he praises the deity, describes his love for him, argues and quarrels with the Lord, confesses the devotee’s failures and apprehensions, and surrenders himself to Venkateshwara. His songs are labeled into the Adhyaatma (non secular) and Sringaara (romantic) sankeertanas genres. His songs within the “Sringaara” style worship Venkateswara by describing the romantic adventures of Venkateshwara and his consort Alamelu, whereas others describe the Bhakti of his devotees.
In his later keertanas, he espouses topics resembling morality, dharma and righteousness. He was one of many first few who opposed the social stigma in the direction of the untouchable castes in his period, together with his sankeertanas explaining that the connection between God and human is identical no matter the latter’s colour, caste and monetary standing, in his songs “Brahmaṃ Okkatē Paraḥbrahmamokkatē” and “ē kulajuḍainanēmi evvaḍainanēmi“. His prodigious literary profession earned him a spot among the many all-time greats of Telugu literature.
Whereas he loved recognition in his days, his compositions have been forgotten for over three centuries. Talked about in 1849,they have been later discovered engraved on copper plates, hidden for hundreds of years contained in the Sri Venkateswara temple at Tirumala, simply reverse the Hundi, hid in a really small room. An English translation of 150 of those verses was revealed in 2005.
Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanams, also referred to as TTD, has been endeavoring to protect the wealthy heritage of his compositions. Within the yr 1950, The State Authorities of Andhra Pradesh created a committee and appointed the legendary musician late Dr. M. Balamuralikrishna as its head. He set music to over 800 compositions of Annamacharya and are nonetheless fashionable among the many devotees. He was the Āsthāna Gāyaka of the Tirumala temple at Tirupati for 20 years. He’s considered a legend in rendering devotional music in classical type, particularly the Annamacharya Sankirtanas. He was additionally an acclaimed poet, singer, and a musicologist. In 1979, the legendary singer Smt. M. S. Subbulakshmi’s album Balaji Pancharatna Mala got here up with Annamacharya keerthanas like Vande Vasudevam, Bhavamulona, Sriman Narayana and plenty of extra. This grew to become a success and took the compositions of Annamacharya to each nook and nook of the nation
Shobha Raju is the primary recipient of Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanams scholarship in 1976 to review and set a pattern for the propagation of Annamacharya’s compositions, and was additionally chosen as the primary unique artiste for the propagation of Tallapaka’s compositions in 1978. Her first audio album, “Vēnkatēśvara Gīta Mālika” is globally fashionable amongst Telugu group. She is the founding father of Annamacharya Bhavana Vahini (ABV) in 1983, which is positioned in Hyderabad, India. She has been awarded Padmashri by Authorities of India, in 2010 in recognition of her efforts to advertise Annamayya Compositions. Sri Garimella Balakrishna Prasad, a Carnatic music exponent and the asthana vidwan of Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanams has set tune to greater than 600 songs written by Annamacharya, gave audio recordings for TTD, revealed books with musical notations and performed lessons, educating the songs to make them extra fashionable.
In 1994, reputed Bharathanatyam artist Parvathi Ravi Ghantasala, additionally the daughter in legislation of the legendary singer Ghantasala Venkateswara Rao, for the primary time produced and introduced a mammoth dance manufacturing as a tribute to the divine composer titled “Annamaiyah”. Uncommon and fashionable songs have been woven right into a story format and music by legendary stalwarts was set to motion. This manufacturing was inaugurated by the previous President of India R. Venkatraman and Bharat Ratna-successful singer M. S. Subbulakshmi and later that yr for the Tirumala Brahmotsavam. The manufacturing went on to turn out to be a sensational hit and extra dancers of various kinds began choreographing for the saints’ composition. Primarily based on fashionable demand in 2009, a DVD of the manufacturing was additionally launched which included a number of locations visited by the saint himself. The manufacturing has traveled throughout the US, Europe, and Asia and staged over 400 occasions until now.
A Telugu movie named Annamayya was made on him by Ok. Raghavendra Rao in 1997. It starred Nagarjuna within the lead position as Annamacharya and in addition featured Suman as Lord Venkateshwara and Bhanupriya as Goddess Padmavathi Devi in essential roles. The movie grew to become an enormous blockbuster and was the very best grosser of the yr in Telugu cinema.