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Learn Carnatic Flute | Sri.Thyagaraja Krithis – Vol 2

Description

Tyagaraja (4 Could 1767 – 6 January 1847), also referred to as Tyāgayya, was a composer and vocalist of Carnatic music, a type of Indian classical music. He was prolific and extremely influential within the growth of India’s classical music custom. Tyagaraja and his contemporaries, Shyama Shastri and Muthuswami Dikshitar, are thought to be the Trinity of Carnatic music. Tyagaraja composed hundreds of devotional compositions, most in Telugu and in reward of Lord Rama, a lot of which stay standard at the moment. Of particular point out are 5 of his compositions known as the Pancharatna Kritis (English: “5 gems”), which are sometimes sung in packages in his honour.

Tyāgarāja was born Kakarla Tyagabrahmam in 1767 to a Telugu Vaidiki Mulakanadu Brahmin household in Tiruvarur in current-day Tiruvarur District of Tamil Nadu. There’s a faculty of thought led by musicologist B. M. Sundaram that contests this and proposes Tiruvaiyaru as his birthplace. He’s a well-known musician and his household title ‘Kakarla’ signifies that they had been initially migrants from the village of the identical title within the Cumbum taluk of Prakasam district, Andhra Pradesh. His household belonged to the Smarta custom and Bharadvaja gotra. Tyagaraja was the third son of his mother and father, and Panchanada Brahmam and Panchapakesha Brahmam are his elder brothers. He was named Tyagabrahmam/Tyagaraja after Tyagaraja, the presiding deity of the temple at Thiruvarur, the place of his delivery. Tyagaraja’s maternal uncle was Giriraja Kavi. Giriraja Kavi was a poet and musician. Giriraja was born in Kakarla village, Cumbum taluk in Prakasam district, Andhra Pradesh. He’s believed to have belonged to the Mulakanadu sect. Tyagaraja’s maternal grandfather was named Kalahastayya, however was steadily addressed as Veena Kalahastayya as he was a famous veena participant. Tyagaraja discovered to play the veena in his childhood from Kalahastayya. After Kalahastayya’s loss of life Tyagaraja discovered Naradeeyam, a guide associated to music. Tyagaraja hero-worshipped the celestial sage Narada, a reference to that is Tyagaraja’s krithi Vara Nārada (rāga Vijayaśrī, Ādi tāḷam). Legend has it {that a} hermit taught him a mantra invoking Narada, and Tyagaraja, meditating on this mantra, acquired a imaginative and prescient of Narada and was blessed with the guide Svarārnavam by the sage. Throughout his final days, Tyagaraja took vows of Sannyasa.

Tyagaraja died on a Pushya Bahula Panchami day, 6 January 1847, on the age of 79. His final composition earlier than his loss of life was Giripai Nelakonna (rāga Sahāna, Ādi tāḷam). He was buried on the banks of the Kaveri river at Thiruvaiyaru.

Tyāgarāja started his musical coaching at an early age beneath Sonti Venkata Ramanayya, a music scholar, after the latter heard his singing and was impressed by the kid prodigy. Tyagaraja regarded music as a approach to expertise God’s love. His compositions targeted on expression, relatively than on the technicalities of classical music. He additionally confirmed a aptitude for composing music and, in his teenagers, composed his first track, “Namo Namo Raghavayya”, within the Desika Todi ragam and inscribed it on the partitions of the home. His compositions are primarily of a devotional (bhakti) or philosophical nature. His songs characteristic himself often both in an enchantment to his deity of worship (primarily the Avatar Rama), in musings, in narratives, or giving a message to the general public. He has additionally composed krithis in reward of Krishna, Shiva, Shakti, Ganesha, Muruga, Saraswati, and Hanuman.

Sonti Venkataramanayya knowledgeable the king of Thanjavur of Tyagaraja’s genius. The king despatched an invite, together with many wealthy items, inviting Tyagaraja to attend the royal courtroom. Tyagaraja, nonetheless, was not inclined in direction of a profession on the courtroom, and rejected the invitation outright. He was stated to have composed the krithi Nidhi Chala Sukhama (English: “Does wealth carry happiness?”) on this event. He spent most of his time in Tiruvaiyaru, although there are data of his pilgrimages to Tirumala and Kanchipuram. When he was in Kanchipuram, he met Upanishad Brahmayogin on the Brahmendral Mutt at Kanchipuram.

Carnatic musicTanjavur-type Tambura Ideas

Compositions

  • Gītaṃ

  • Svarajati

  • Varṇaṃ

  • Kr̥ti

  • Kīrtana

  • Rāgaṃ Tānaṃ Pallavi

  • Tillana

  • Tyagaraja, who was immersed in his devotion to Rama and led a spartan lifestyle, didn’t take any steps to systematically codify his huge musical output. Rangaramanuja Iyengar, a number one researcher on Carnatic music, in his work Kriti Manimalai, has described the scenario prevailing on the time of the loss of life of Tyagaraja. It’s stated {that a} main portion of his incomparable musical work was misplaced to the world on account of pure and man-made calamities. Often, Tyagaraja used to sing his compositions sitting earlier than deity manifestations of Lord Rama, and his disciples famous down the main points of his compositions on palm leaves. After his loss of life, these had been within the palms of his disciples, then households descending from the disciples. There was not a definitive version of Tyagaraja’s songs.

  • About 700 songs stay of the 24,000 songs stated to have been composed by him; nonetheless, students are skeptical about numbers like these, as there isn’t a biographical proof to assist such claims. Along with almost 700 compositions (kritis), Tyagaraja composed two musical performs in Telugu, the Prahalada Bhakti Vijayam and the Nauka Charitam. Prahlada Bhakti Vijayam is in 5 acts with 45 kritis set in 28 ragas and 138 verses, in numerous metres in Telugu. Nauka Charitam is a shorter play in a single act with 21 kritis set in 13 ragas and 43 verses. The latter is the preferred of Tyagaraja’s operas, and is a creation of the composer’s personal creativeness and has no foundation within the Bhagavata Purana. Tyagaraja additionally composed quite a few easy devotional items acceptable for choral singing.

  • Tyagaraja Aradhana, the commemorative music competition is held yearly in Thiruvaiyaru in Thanjavur district of Tamilnadu, through the months of January to February in Tyagaraja’s honor. It is a week-lengthy competition of music the place varied Carnatic musicians from all around the world converge at his resting place. On the Pushya Bahula Panchami, hundreds of individuals and lots of of Carnatic musicians sing the 5 Pancharatna Kritis in unison, with the accompaniment of a big financial institution of accompanists on veenas, violins, flutes, nadasvarams, mridangams and ghatams.


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